Geodata is location information stored in a format that can be used with a geographic information system (GIS). There are different geodata types:
vector data, consisting of vertices and paths (three basic types: points, lines, and polygons);
Raster data consists of pixels or grid cells. Commonly they are square and regularly spaced, but they also can be rectangular;
geographic database whose purpose is to host vectors and raster;
web files (internet type of storage and access to geodata);
multitemporal data links a temporal component to information but also includes a geographical feature.
Technologies that can be used to gather geographical data are Global Positioning System (GPS) data, telematics devices, geospatial satellite images, Internet of Things (IoT), and geotagging.